(August 20, 1910 – September 1, 1961)
Eero Saarinen was a Finnish American architect and industrial designer of the 20th century. He is widely regarded of one of the key influential figures of modern design and amongst his most famous works are the Womb chair, Tulip chair and Grasshopper armchair.
Eero had a very design literate upbringing. His mother was textile artist Loja Saarinenfather and his father was an internationally known architect – Eliel Saarinen. Eero would follow in his father’s footsteps running the family business after his father’s death in 1950 but it was in the late 30s that Saarinen first met Charles Eames and began experimenting and co-developing new furniture forms. They would both take part in the “Organic design in Home Furnishings” competition mounted by the Museum of Modern Art in New York. His interest in furniture would spark a long relationship with manufacturer Knoll who still produce many of his pieces to this day.
Despite his success as a designer, his architectural marvels are even better known. Amongst his most famous pieces are the Gateway Arch in St. Louis, Missouri, the TWA Terminal at Kennedy International Airport, and the CBS headquarters in New York. His final project was the Dulles International Airport in Washington, DC which was under construction when he died in 1961.